Imaging of pediatric brain infections

Neuroimaging of pediatric intracranial infection–part 1: techniques and bacterial infections. (2012)

“Conventional and advanced neuroimaging have become central to the diagnosis of infectious diseases of the pediatric central nervous system. Imaging modalities used by (pediatric) neuroradiologists include cranial ultrasound, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging, including advanced techniques such as diffusion weighted or tensor imaging, perfusion weighted imaging, susceptibility weighted imaging, and (1) H magnetic resonance spectroscopy. In this first of a two part review, imaging techniques in general and the imaging findings of bacterial infections of the intracranial compartment including epidural empyema, subdural empyema, meningitis, cerebritis, cerebral abscess, and pyogenic intraventricular empyema (ventriculitis) are discussed.”

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Neuroimaging of pediatric intracranial infection–part 2: TORCH, viral, fungal, and parasitic infections. (2012)

“In the second half of this 2-part review, the neuroimaging features of the most common viral, fungal, and parasitic infections of the pediatric central nervous system are discussed. Brief discussions of epidemiology and pathophysiology will be followed by a review of the imaging findings and potential differential considerations.”

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Pediatric intracranial infections. (2012)

“Infection of the central nervous system (CNS) in children is an important entity and early recognition is paramount to avoid long-term brain injury, especially in very young patients. The causal factors are different in children compared with adults and so are the clinical presentations. However, imaging features of CNS infection show similar features to those of adults. This article reviews some of the common types of pediatric infections, starting with the congenital (or in utero) infections followed by bacterial infections of the meninges and brain parenchyma.”

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Imaging in infections of the head and neck. (2012)

“Infections of the head and neck vary in their clinical course and outcome because of the diversity of organs and anatomic compartments involved. Imaging plays a central role in delineating the anatomic extent of the disease process, identifying the infection source, and detecting complications. The utility of imaging to differentiate between a solid phlegmonous mass and an abscess cannot be overemphasized. This review briefly describes and pictorially illustrates the typical imaging findings of some important head and neck infections, such as malignant otitis externa, otomastoiditis bacterial and fungal sinusitis, orbital cellulitis, sialadenitis, cervical lymphadenitis, and deep neck space infections.”

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Neuroimaging of pediatric brain infections. (2011)

“Neuroimaging plays an important and growing role in the diagnosis and therapeutic management of pediatric brain infections. This article describes the spectrum of imaging findings associated with major pediatric viral and bacterial brain infections, outlining the role of current imaging technology in the differential diagnoses of brain injury, detection of complications and therapy monitoring. MRI is the tool of choice in the evaluation of brain infections and particular attention is devoted to the role of diffusion-weighted imaging and magnetic resonance spectroscopy. This article considers viral and bacterial infection in their different modalities of presentation as congenital, acute and subacute/chronic disease. With regard to congenital infections, the growing role of fetal MRI as a valuable complement to ultrasound in the prenatal assessment of brain damage is emphasized.”

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More PubMed results on imaging of brain infections.

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