PHACE syndrome

OMIM entry on PHACE.

PHACE syndrome: MRI of intracerebral vascular anomalies and clinical findings in a series of 12 patients. (2011)

“A retrospective review of the clinical and imaging records of all patients diagnosed with PHACE syndrome between 1998 and 2009 was performed. Information sought included patient demographics, craniofacial segments involved, imaging findings and other extracutaneous abnormalities.

Twelve patients were diagnosed with PHACE syndrome over 11 years. All patients had a segmental craniofacial haemangioma. Involved facial segments, in order of frequency, were frontotemporal (12), maxillary (8), mandibular (5) and frontonasal (1). The most common extracutaneous abnormalities were neurovascular anomalies (10), with many patients having multiple anomalies. The spectrum of arterial anomalies ranged from hypoplasia (9) to ectasia (3), anomalous origin/course (2) and persistent fetal anastomosis (2). Other anomalies found included cardiac anomalies (3), coarctation of the aorta (2), posterior fossa malformations (1) and sternal region anomalies (1).”

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Consensus Statement on Diagnostic Criteria for PHACE Syndrome. (2009)

“A subgroup of patients with infantile hemangiomas have associated structural anomalies of the brain, cerebral vasculature, eyes, sternum, and/or aorta in the neurocutaneous disorder known as PHACE syndrome. The diagnosis has been broadly inclusive by using a case definition of a facial hemangioma plus >or=1 extracutaneous features, leading to numerous reports of potential associated disease features, many of uncertain significance. This consensus statement was thus developed to establish diagnostic criteria for PHACE syndrome.”

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PHACE syndrome: current knowledge, future directions. (2009)

“On November 7-8, 2008, physicians gathered in Houston Texas for the first-ever workshop on PHACE syndrome, an important and recently described neurocutaneous syndrome. This article represents a summary of the discussions held at that workshop, which was attended by a broad range of medical specialists.”

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The many faces of PHACE syndrome. (2001)

“PHACE is an acronym coined to describe a neurocutaneous syndrome encompassing the following features: posterior fossa brain malformations, large facial hemangiomas, arterial anomalies, cardiac anomalies and aortic coarctation, and eye abnormalities. We evaluated the spectrum of disease and significance of potential underlying brain anomalies among affected children.”

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More PubMed results on PHACE syndrome.

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