Lim GW, et al. Hyponatremia and syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion in kawasaki disease. Korean Circ J. 2010 Oct;40(10):507-13.
The pathogenesis of hyponatremia (serum sodium <135 mEq/L) in Kawasaki disease (KD) remains unclear. We investigated the clinical significance of hyponatremia, and the role of interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-1β in the development of hyponatremia and syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH) in KD.
Kaneko K, et al. Immunoglobulin preparations affect hyponatremia in Kawasaki disease. Eur J Pediatr. 2010 Aug;169(8):957-60.
Hyponatremia frequently occurs in Kawasaki disease (KD). The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of Na content of the intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) preparation on serum Na levels in KD. Seventy-eight subjects, of whom 27 had hyponatremia, were split up into two groups: group A receiving IVIG preparations containing high Na (0.9%) and group B receiving IVIG preparations containing trace Na. While the data before IVIG therapy revealed no significant differences in the median serum Na between the groups, an administration of IVIG preparations increased the serum levels of Na in group A (P < 0.01) but not in group B (P > 0.05). Furthermore, the median serum Na level was significantly higher in group A than that in group B (139.0 vs 137.0 mEq/L, respectively, P < 0.01). No significant difference was found in the prevalence of coronary artery lesions between the groups. In conclusion, we should keep it in mind that the IVIG products without Na have an adverse affect on hyponatremia in KD though their efficacy seems to be equivalent to those containing high Na.